Evaluation of the educational value of a virtual reality TURP simulator according to a curriculum-based approach
Tjiam IM, Berkers CH, Schout BM, Brinkman WM, Witjes JA, Scherpbier AJ, Hendrikx AJ, Koldewijn ELThis study aimed to evaluate the place of the TURPsim (Simbionix/VirtaMed, Beit Goal, Israel) within a urologic residency training curriculum, including training needs analysis (TNA) and investigating its validity.
Learning effects using a TURP simulator: Assessing changes in visual control and performance
Samuel Vine, Thomas Dutton, Mark Wilson, Elizabeth Bright, John McGrathSurgical simulators afford trainees the chance to practice skills in a safe environment and without the need for supervision. Although they have been proposed to shorten the learning curve for complex surgical skills, there is concern that they do not prepare trainees for the demanding conditions of the operating room. Research in skill learning (including surgical skills) has shown that experts and novices can be distinguished by differences in their visual control strategies, with experts using fewer fixations of a longer duration. The aim of this study was to assess the learning benefits of a TURP simulator by examining, not only changes in novice performance, but also changes in their visual control.
Visual Control Strategies of Surgeons: A Novel Method of Establishing the Construct Validity of a Transurethral Resection of the Prostate Surgical Simulator
Elizabeth Bright, Samuel J. Vine, Thomas Dutton, Mark R. Wilson, John S. McGrathSignificant differences between experts and novices in both performance and visual control strategy were observed. The study of visual control strategies may be a useful adjunct, alongside measurements of motor performance, providing a novel method of assessing the construct validity of surgical simulators.
Face validity, construct validity and training benefits of a virtual reality TURP simulator
Elizabeth Bright*, Samuel Vine, Mark R. Wilson, Rich S.W. Masters, John S. McGrathVirtual reality (VR) surgical simulators provide repetitive practice and performance feedback without requiring supervision in a safe environment. Simulators have the potential to shorten the learning curve for complex surgical procedures, create skills which transfer to the operating room and therefore decrease the incidence of future complications. Experts resected a significantly greater percentage of prostate per minute [...] and had significantly less active diathermy time without tissue contact [...] than novices.
Virtual reality simulator for training urologists on transurethral prostatectomy
ZHU He, ZHANG Yi, LIU Jin-shun, WANG Gang, YU Cheng-fan and NA Yan-qunAs a new method of training on transurethral prostatectomy skills, training of TURP using a virtual simulator can help urologists improve their surgical skills and safety. Therefore, the application of the TURPSim™ system in education and training of urologic surgery is warranted.
Virtual reality simulator for training on photoselective vaporization of the prostate with 980 nm diode laser and learning curve of the technique
J.C. Angulo, I. Arance, A. García-Tello, M.M. Las Heras, G. Andrés, H. Gimbernat, F. Lista, F. Ramón de FataThe utility of a virtual reality simulator for training of the photoselective vaporization of the prostate with diode laser was studied.
Simulator Based Development of “Trans-Urethral Resection of Prostate”
Kashifuddin Qayoom soomro, Zakir Rajpar, Imran Memon, Shafiq-ur-RehmanAfter the introduction of simulators in urology, education in urology has evolved significantly. Specially in endourology, development of Transurethral Resection of Prostate (TURP) skills are shifted from “direct on patient” to simulator based learning. we evaluated the development of TURP procedure skills based on virtual reality simulator (VirtaMed | UroSim™) and assessment of skills based on Global Rating Scale (GRS) evaluation system.
Reference Center HELIOS hospital group, GermanyThe HELIOS Hospital Group consists of 110 acute and rehabilitation facilities with about 34.000 beds and more than 69.000 employees. The departments for urology and gynecology train a large group of residents each year until they complete their education as medical specialists. In 2011, HELIOS included VirtaMed's virtual reality simulators into their standard curriculum for residents in training. E.g. in each urology department, a simulator is placed at the disposal of each clinic for six weeks each year. During this time, the head physician conducts a training program. In his or her first year, every surgeon who wants to conduct transurethral resection has to perform 50 documented procedures on the simulators.
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